Assessment of Dithiocarbamate Residues on Tomatoes Conventionally Grown in Uganda and the Effect of Simple Washing to Reduce Exposure Risk to Consumers

ABSTRACT: Pesticide misuse by farmers poses health risks to consumers. This study assessed the level of dithiocarbamate residues in tomatoes acquired from 20 farmers and 25 market vendors in Wakiso District, how simple washing affects these residues, and the potential chronic health risk for Ugandans eating such tomatoes. Results revealed that mancozeb was the only reported dithiocarbamate, […]

Obstacles and Opportunities for Diffusion of Integrated Pest Management Strategies Reported by Bolivian Small-Scale Farmers and Agronomists

Integrated pest management (IPM) with an increased used of ecological farming methods and less and safer use of pesticides offers solutions to reduce risks of developing pest resistance, human poisoning, and environmental pollution. Despite being promoted by Food and Agriculture Organization and others, it has not spread readily in low-income countries. This article presents the […]

Pesticide Residues in Commercial Lettuce, Onion, and Potato Samples From Bolivia—A Threat to Public Health?

Bolivia does not have a surveillance program for pesticide residues in food. The few published studies have suggested that pesticide contamination in food may present a public health problem. Data are lacking for all foods except tomatoes and breast milk. In this study 10 potato, 10 onion, and 10 lettuce samples from La Paz were […]

Effect of Integrated Pest Management Training on Ugandan Small-Scale Farmers

Small-scale farmers in developing countries use hazardous pesticides taking few or no safety measures. Farmer field schools (FFSs) teaching integrated pest management (IPM) have been shown to reduce pesticide use among trained farmers. This cross-sectional study compares pesticide-related knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP), potential exposure, and self-reported poisoning symptoms among 35 FFS farmers, 44 neighboring farmers, […]

Bolivia pesticid

Neurological Deficits After Long-term Pyrethroid Exposure

Pyrethroid pesticides have been suggested to be a cause of Parkinson disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. To investigate this, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 Bolivian public health vector program spray men, primarily exposed to pyrethroids. Pesticide exposure and central nervous system (CNS) symptoms were determined by a structured interview, whereas neuromotor and neurocognitive […]

Den sociale og kulturelle konstruktion af sygdommen

Af Annie Oehlerich, antropolog. Den traditionelle healer er ofte det første valg, når sygdommen rammer. Erfaringerne viser at sundhedsforholdene forbedres markant, når det traditionelle og biomedicinske system samarbejder. Artiklen fokuserer på Diálogos sundhedsprojekter i Uganda og Bolivia og forklarer hvorfor forfædreånder og ritualer kan indvirke på sygdom og sundhed i en kulturspecifik sygdomsfortælling. Diálogos sundhedsprojekter […]

Nyt pesticidprojekt i Bolivia

Af Olaf Chresten Jensen PLAGBOL-projektgruppen PLAGBOL og Diálogos har i 15 år arbejdet for at øge viden om pesticider og alternativer blandt bønder i Bolivia med stor succes. På trods af de eksisterende internationale og nationale retningslinjer er pesticider fortsat et stort problem såvel i Bolivia som i andre udviklingslande. Det seneste PLAGBOL projekt 2014-2016 […]